Since the end of the Holocaust in 1945 55 million civilians have perished in more than 89 major genocides around the world

NATION

YEARS OF EPISODES SINCE 1945

CUMULATIVE CIVILIAN DEATH TOLL

GROUP AFFECTED

MAJOR KILLERS

Africa Region

Sudan – South,      Nuba Region 1956 – 1972 500,000 Nuer, Dinka, Christians, Nuba, southerners Khartoum Government, NIF Government, Militias, Rebels
1983 – 2005 1,500,000
Sudan - Darfur 2001 - present 250,000+ Zaghawa, Fur, Massaleit, and  Black Africans Janjaweed Arab Militias, Sudan Government
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1945 – 1960 1,000’s Africans Colonial Forces
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1994 – 1997 80,000 Hutus, Banyamulenge,  Kabila/ Rwandan army, Ugandan, Rwandan armies, rebels, DRCongo, allied armies
2,000,000 (civil war)
1994 – present 40,000 Hema,Lendu Ethnic militias
1997 – present 1,000,000 (civil war) War-lord led militias, DRC army
1994-present 500,000+ Women (mass rape) Rwandan  interhamwe militias, Congolese militias, army
Somalia 1988 – present 100,000 Somalis, Isaaq clan Warlord/clan militias
2006 - present 40,000 Islamists, gov’t supporters Ethiopian army; Al-Shabaab Terrorists
Ethiopia 1945 – 1974 150,000 Oromo, Eritreans, Somali Selassie Monarchy
1974 – 1985 750,000 Class enemies, Oromo Derg Communists
1994 – 2000 125,000 Eritrea war Army (Ethiopian Defence Forces)
2001 – present 25,000+ Ethnic minorities Army (EDF)
2001 – present 20,000 Ogadeni (Somalis) Army (EDF)
Equatorial Guinea 1975 – 1979  50,000 Bubi,  Nguema foes Macias Nguema Regime, Successor
2001 - present
Uganda 1972 – 1979 300,000 Acholi, Lango, Karamoja Amin gov’t army, police
1980 – 1986 250,000 Baganda,, Banyarwanda Obote gov’t army, police
Zimbabwe 1982 – 84 20,000 Matabele Government Army 5th Brigade, Milithias
1998 – present 10,000+ MDC supporters, Matabele, urban poor, white farmers Government Police, Army, ZANU-PF Militias
Eritrea 1961 – 1991  570,000 Eritreans (independence war with Ethiopia)  Ethiopian Armies, Police
1998 -- 2000 125,000 Border war with Ethiopia
Burundi 1959 – 1962 50,000 Hutus  Tutsi Government
1972 150,000 Hutus Tutsi Army
1988 25,000 Hutus Tutsi Army
1993 – 1995 50,000 Tutsis Hutu Rebels
100,000 Hutus Tutsi Army
1996 – 2006 100,000 Tutsi, Hutu Rebels, Army
Nigeria 1966 – 1970  1,000,000 Ibos Nigerian Army
Algeria 1954 – 1963 160,000 OAS, Harkis, settlers French Legions, OAS, Rebels
1991 -- 2005 200,000 Gov’t officials, Berbers Islamic Armed Group (GIA)
Sierra Leone 1991 – 2003 200,000  Sierra Leone civilians Revolutionary United Front, Other Militias
Rwanda 1959 – 1963, 1993 10,000's Tutsi Hutu Government
1994 800,000 Tutsi Hutu Power Government, Interhamwe
1995 – present 1,000's Hutus Rwandan Government
Angola 1961 -- 1962 40,000 Kongo Colonial Army
1975 – 2003 500,000 Umbundu, Ovimbundu Government, UNITA Armies, Allies
Liberia 1990 – 2003 200,000 Krahn, Gio, Mano, etc. Doe Government Army, Taylor Rebels, Government, Rebels
Mozambique 1975 – 1994 1,000,000 MPLA, Renamo Renamo, MPLA
Egypt 2012 - present 10,000+ Copts Muslim Fundamentalists